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Climate Change Conference, Paris - 2015

30 November-11 December 2015 Paris, France


COP21 - Paris Conference

At the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the universal, legally binding global climate agreement for the first time.

The agreement lays out a global action plan to limit global warming, prevent dangerous climate change and protect the world by keeping the temperature rise below 2 ° C.

The agreement will enter into force in 2020.

Main Topics:

Before the end of this century, the Paris Agreement serves as a bridge to strike a balance between today's policies and climate events.

Emission Reduction:

The issues that governments have agreed on:

  • Long term goal; As mentioned at the beginning of the article, keeping today's temperature increases below 2 C

  • Aim for a maximum temperature increase of 1.5 C. In this way, serious climate change impacts and risks can be eliminated.

  • To determine the threshold level of global emissions as soon as possible and to recognize the need for a longer period of time for developing countries to reach this target.

  • Entering a rapid emission reduction phase using cutting-edge science techniques in the next time.

Prior to and during the Paris conference, the participating countries comprehensive national climate action plans (national climate action plans) ( ındcs ) - ( Turkey indene Plan) they offer. These are not yet sufficient to catch global warming below 2 ° C, but the plans are promising in that they will follow the same path to achieve this goal.

Open and Global Solidarity:

The issues that governments have agreed on:

  • Come together every 5 years to meet the requirements of science and set more challenging and ambitious goals.

  • To share how successful implementations have been made by organizing reports within itself and with the public.

  • Achieving progress towards the long-term goal through a strong, transparent and accountable system


The issues that governments have agreed on:

  • Strengthening the resilience of societies to cope with the effects of climate change;

  • To provide continuous and developed international support for harmonization with developing countries.

Damage and damage:

At the same time in the agreement, Governments,

  • It is aware of the importance of preventing, reducing and preventing damages and damages caused by climate change.

  • It recognizes the need to increase cooperation, understanding, action and support in order to improve early warning systems in different areas such as emergency preparedness and risk insurance.


  • The EU and other developed countries will continue to support climate action plans to improve the resilience of developing countries in the fight against the effects of climate change and reducing emissions.

  • It is encouraged to provide and continue voluntary support in other countries.

  • Developed countries intend to extend their annual flow of $ 100 billion a year until 2020 , in line with the current joint target , until 2025. New and higher goals will be established after this period.

Next steps:

  • The agreement will be discussed with UN members in New York and will be opened for signature on April 22, 2016 for a year.

  • The agreement will enter into force after the 55 participating countries have secured their ratification processes that account for at least 55% of global emissions.


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